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NCJ Number: NCJ 236354   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Doing Death in Texas: Language and Jury Decision-Making in Texas Death Penalty Trials
Author(s): Robin Helene Conley
Date Published: 2011
Page Count: 317
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America

Wenner Gren Dissertation Fieldwork Grant
United States of America
Grant Number: 2009-IJ-CX-0005
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF 
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This dissertation examines the means through which language and culture make death-penalty decisions possible by analyzing jury decisionmaking in Texas death-penalty trials.
Abstract: The study’s focus is on how specific language choices mediate and restrict jurors’, attorneys’, and judges’ actions and experiences when participating in and reflecting upon capital trials. This dissertation shows that when engaged in an overtly violent state practice, i.e., killing convicted individuals, jurors, attorneys, and judges conceal and confront their involvement in the violence inherent in this practice. When citing the actual act of execution, jurors often shift the decision to kill the convicted individual onto the state or deny that human beings have engaged in an enterprise constructed to kill another human. Another mechanism for jurors to avoid the anxiety linked to the killing of a fellow human-being is to embrace the linguistic dehumanization of defendants. Jurors effectively suppress empathy and the realization that the defendant is, in many respects, like themselves, albeit with a different background and set of experiences and behaviors. Any worth the defendant may have as a fellow human being is removed by linguistic repetitions that convince jurors the defendant has done things that disqualify him/her from being treated as a fellow human being. The dissertation argues that language is one of the primary resources by which jurors construct defendants as non-human, and thus decide to sentence them to death. The research involved 12 months of fieldwork, from 2009 to 2010, in and around Houston, TX. Methodologies included interviews of jurors, attorneys, judges, and prison staff, participant-observation in death penalty trials; audio-recordings and note-taking of these trials; and qualitative linguistic analyses of transcribed interviews and courtroom interaction. 2 figures and an extensive bibliography
Main Term(s): Court procedures
Index Term(s): Capital punishment ; Jury decisionmaking ; Juror stress ; NIJ final report ; Texas
   
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https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=258349

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