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NCJRS Celebrates National Library Week April 12-18

National Library Week

Started in 1958, National Library Week is a nationwide observance celebrated by all types of libraries - including the NCJRS Virtual Library. NCJRS invites you to explore the breadth and scope of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection and services. With more than 220,000 collection documents and 60,000 online resources, including all known Office of Justice Programs works, it is one of the world’s largest criminal justice special collections.

We encourage your Feedback. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Virtual Library and Abstracts Database, how you access the collection, and any ways we can improve our services.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database.

How to Obtain Documents
NCJ Number: NCJ 243310     Find in a Library
Title: Risk-Needs Responsivity: Turning Principles Into Practice for Tribal Probation Personnel
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Kimberly A. Cobb ; Mary Ann Mowatt ; Tracy Mullins
Corporate Author: American Probation and Parole Assoc
United States of America
Date Published: 08/2013
Page Count: 17
  Annotation: After a brief introduction to the risk, need, and responsivity (RNR) principles espoused in the evidence-based principles for community supervision, this paper guides tribal probation officers in incorporating into practice the premise underlying each principle.
Abstract: The RNR model developed by Andrews and Bonta (2007) provides guidance on how screening and assessment instruments should be used to identify and respond to the individual risk and needs of those on community supervision. The risk principle states that the level supervision and services provided to a defendant or probationer should match that individual’s risk of reoffending. Conducting risk screening and assessment quantifies the risk level for each individual on community supervision, so that caseloads/workloads can be prioritized and managed more effectively while ensuring that community resources are used appropriately. The need principle states that services and interventions should focus on the identified criminogenic needs of each person being supervised. The need principle guides decisionmakers in determining what interventions and services should be provided while an offender is under supervision. The responsivity principle states that once risk and needs are identified, individuals should be matched to services and interventions based on the offender’s distinctive characteristics. Many tribal probation officers are responsible for supervising large caseloads of individuals. In order to ensure that RNR principles are applied to each individual in a caseload, tribal probation officers must be trained in the theory and practice of RNR principles and the procedures for applying them in their work. The importance of applying RNR principles in case management practices should be reflected in officer performance assessments. 8 references
Main Term(s): Corrections policies
Index Term(s): Indian justice ; Treatment offender matching ; Indian affairs ; Needs assessment ; Research uses in policymaking ; Probation casework ; Risk management ; Probation management ; BJA grant-related documents
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Assistance
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2009-AC-BX-K001
Type: Instructional Material ; Technical Assistance
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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