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PUBLICATIONS

NCJRS Celebrates National Library Week April 12-18

National Library Week

Started in 1958, National Library Week is a nationwide observance celebrated by all types of libraries - including the NCJRS Virtual Library. NCJRS invites you to explore the breadth and scope of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection and services. With more than 220,000 collection documents and 60,000 online resources, including all known Office of Justice Programs works, it is one of the world’s largest criminal justice special collections.

We encourage your Feedback. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Virtual Library and Abstracts Database, how you access the collection, and any ways we can improve our services.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database.

How to Obtain Documents
 
NCJ Number: NCJ 244146     Find in a Library
Title: Changing Course: Keeping Kids Out of Gangs
  Document URL: HTML HTML (ePub) HTML (MOBI) PDF 
Author(s): Nancy Ritter ; Thomas R. Simon ; Reshma R. Mahendra
  Journal: NIJ Journal  Volume:273  Dated:March 2014  Pages:16 to 27
Date Published: 03/2014
Page Count: 12
  Series: NIJ Journal
  Annotation: This article outlines the themes of the book, “Changing Course: Preventing Gang Membership,” which was initiated as a joint effort of the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and written by some of the Nation’s top criminal justice and public health researchers.
Abstract: The book discusses the prevalence and consequences of gang membership among youth. Surveys have shown that nearly 1 in 12 youth have reported belonging to a gang at some point during their teen years. Gang membership increases the risk of youth for becoming victims or perpetrators of homicide, with homicide being the second-leading cause of death for American adolescents and young adults. The book’s discussion of the attractions of gangs identifies the following perceived benefits of gang membership among youth: economic opportunity; a sense of belonging and social support; the belief that gang membership offers protection at school and in the community; obtaining status among peers; and an outlet for rebellion against the norms of parents, school personnel, and a restrictive society imposed by law enforcement. The book emphasizes the importance of a public health approach in countering youth gang membership. This means a focus on describing and monitoring the public health threat of youth gangs; identifying the risk and protective factors for gang membership and associated violence; the development and evaluation of prevention strategies; and ensuring widespread implementation of prevention strategies. The role of law enforcement personnel promoted in the book is one of collaborative action with public health agencies, schools, the community, and other public and private sectors in designing and implementing gang prevention activities and services for youth. Also discussed in the book are the roles of schools, communities, and families in preventing gang membership. The roles of race, ethnicity and gender in gang appeal are also addressed. 33 notes
Main Term(s): Juvenile/Youth Gangs
Index Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors ; Juvenile gang behavior patterns ; Children at risk ; Adolescents at risk ; Gang Prevention ; Juvenile Risk Factors
Type: Best Practice/State-of-the-Art Review
Country: United States of America
Language: English
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=266225

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