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NCJ Number: NCJ 150310     Find in a Library
Title: Environmental Crime Prosecution: Results of a National Survey, Research in Brief
Series: NIJ Research in Brief
Corporate Author: American Prosecutors Research Institute
United States of America
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
United States of America
Grant Number: 91-IJ-CX-0024
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
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United States of America
Document: Text PDF 
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A nationwide survey was conducted during the 1990-1992 period to assess the handling of environmental offenses by local prosecutors in large jurisdictions with a population of more than 250,000; survey questionnaires focused on differences in local environmental crime prosecution.
Abstract: Of 32 States responding to the survey, the most responses were received from California, Florida, New York, New Jersey, and Texas. It was found that about half of prosecutors operated special environmental prosecution units. More than half assigned full-time prosecutors to environmental offense cases, and over 75 percent assigned part-time prosecutors to these cases. Most offices observed an increase in environmental offense cases over the survey period. The most common environmental offenses involved illegal hazardous waste disposal. The most important factors in deciding to prosecute environmental offenses were the degree of harm posed by the offense and the offender's criminal intent. The most significant factor in rejecting environmental offense prosecution concerned insufficient evidence or inability to recognize appropriate evidence. The least significant factor was lack of resources. Less than half of local prosecutors believed they could enroll in training to qualify as experts in environmental offense investigation and prosecution. Almost all indicated a need for increased technical assistance and training to improve the performance of environmental prosecution unit personnel. 3 exhibits
Main Term(s): Courts
Index Term(s): Prosecution ; Environmental offenses ; Illegal hazardous waste disposal ; Florida ; New Jersey ; New York ; Texas ; California
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=150310

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