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NCJ Number: NCJ 168638   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Batterer Intervention: Program Approaches and Criminal Justice Strategies
Series: NIJ Issues and Practices in Criminal Justice
Author(s): K Healey ; C Smith ; C O'Sullivan
Corporate Author: Abt Associates, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1998
Page Count: 214
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
United States of America
Grant Number: OJP-94-C-007
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: Text PDF 
Type: Program/Project Description
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Intended to help criminal justice personnel make appropriate referrals and dispositions in battering cases, this report focuses on the nature of the problem of domestic violence, the causes of domestic violence, pioneering program models in batterer intervention, current trends in batterer intervention, and the criminal justice response.
Abstract: Three theoretical approaches dominate the field of batterer intervention; however, in practice, most interventions draw on several explanations for domestic violence. Each theory of domestic violence locates the cause of the violence differently. Social and cultural theories attribute domestic violence to social structures and cultural values that legitimate male control and dominance over their domestic partners. Family-based theories blame violent behaviors on the structure of the family and family interactions rather than on an individual within a family; and individual-based theories attribute domestic violence to psychological problems such as personality disorders, the batterer's childhood experiences, or biological disposition. Most pioneers in batterer intervention established programs based on a feminist educational model. Program procedures typically include intake and assessment, victim contacts, the raising of victim awareness, ongoing advocacy and safety planning, orientation, and steps in leaving the program. Program content generally consists of weekly group intervention, with accountability as the foremost goal, the use of cognitive-behavioral techniques, and the use of the Duluth curriculum, which focuses on issues of power and control. Current trends in batterer intervention are designed to tailor interventions to the particular characteristics and needs of a batterer. Recent research in the area of batterer typology, which points to severe personality disorders in a quarter of the batterer population, may encourage practitioners to be more open to the combined use of educational and psychotherapeutic models with some batterers. In discussing the criminal justice response to battering, the report advises that batterer intervention programs cannot be expected to deter domestic violence in isolation; a strong, coordinated criminal justice response is also needed. Key actions for the criminal justice system are expediting domestic violence cases, using specialized units and centralized dockets, gathering broad-based offender information quickly, and taking advantage of culturally competent or specialized interventions; the criminal justice system should also coordinate batterer intervention with substance abuse treatment, be alert to the risks to children in domestically abusive households, create a continuum of supports and protection for victims, and encourage interagency cooperation. 10 exhibits and appended supplementary information
Main Term(s): Crime prevention measures
Index Term(s): Referral services ; Domestic assault ; Abusing spouses ; Police crisis intervention ; Spouse abuse causes ; Spouse abuse treatment programs ; NIJ grant-related documents
Note: National Institute of Justice Issues and Practices, February 1998.
   
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