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NCJ Number: NCJ 175702   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: National Evaluation of Weed and Seed: Shreveport Case Study
Series: NIJ Research Report
Author(s): Gary Cordner ; Cheryl Roberts ; Kristen Jacoby
Corporate Author: Abt Associates, Inc
United States of America
Project Director: Terence Dunworth Ph.D. ; Gregory Mills
Date Published: 1999
Page Count: 63
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Contract Number: 95-DD-BX-0134
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: Text PDF 
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This case study documents the activities implemented under the Weed and Seed program in Shreveport, La., one of eight sites for the National Evaluation of Weed and Seed, and assesses the program's impact at this site.
Abstract: Unveiled in 1991, Operation Weed and Seed is an attempt to improve the quality of life in America's cities. The ultimate goals of Weed and Seed are to control violent crime, drug trafficking, and drug-related crime in targeted high-crime neighborhoods and to provide a safe environment free of crime and drug use. The program is grounded in the philosophy that targeted areas can best be improved by a two-pronged strategy of "weeding" out violent offenders, drug traffickers, and other criminals by removing them from the targeted area and "seeding" the area with human services and neighborhood revitalization efforts. Community policing is intended to be the "bridge" between "weeding" and "seeding." The evaluation activities undertaken for this case study included onsite observation of program activities; in-person interviews with program staff, key law enforcement personnel, community leaders, service providers, and participants; review of program documents; a survey of target area residents; and analysis of computerized crime and arrest records provided by the local police department. The evaluation found that after the first year of the program -- February 1995 through January 1996 -- Part 1 crimes dropped by an average of 9.5 percent in the target area and an average of 9 percent in the rest of the city. In the second year of the program, the target area experienced a further decline of 1.7 percent from the previous year, while the rest of the city experienced a 6.4-percent increase in crime. Although community survey findings do not show much change in perceptions of safety by residents of the target area, there were improvements in perceptions of other aspects of neighborhood life, including better police control of street drug sales and the use of illegal drugs; a strong increase in satisfaction with neighborhood programs; and an increase in participation in community programs. Interviews with "seeding" program participants showed a general satisfaction with the impact of the particular programs in which they participated. Future directions and degree of institutionalization are discussed. 14 exhibits
Main Term(s): Community crime prevention programs
Index Term(s): Drug law enforcement ; Violence prevention ; Weed & Seed Programs ; NIJ grant-related documents ; Louisiana
   
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