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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: NCJ 177624     Find in a Library
Title: School and Community Interventions To Prevent Serious and Violent Offending
Series: OJJDP Serious and Violent Juvenile Offending Series
Author(s): Richard F. Catalano Ph.D. ; Rolf Loeber Ph.D. ; Kay C. McKinney
Date Published: 10/1999
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
United States of America
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: HTML PDF 
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The Study Group on Serious and Violent Juvenile Offenders concludes that timely comprehensive school-based and community-based interventions hold the greatest potential for preventing serious violent juvenile offending.
Abstract: The Study Group examined five types of school interventions: structured playground activities, behavioral consultation, behavioral monitoring and reinforcement, metal detectors, and schoolwide reorganization. These interventions varied in effectiveness. Programs that monitored student behavior and reinforced attendance and academic progress increased positive school behavior and academic achievement while decreasing delinquency. Although metal detectors reduced the number of weapons brought into schools, they did not apparently decrease weapon carrying or violence outside schools. The Study Group also examined eight types of community interventions: citizen mobilization, situational prevention, comprehensive citizen intervention, mentoring, afterschool recreation programs, policing strategies, policy changes, and mass media interventions. Several of these interventions showed positive results in reducing risk and enhancing protective factors. Studies with long-term follow-up show that certain programs were effective in reducing juvenile crime and substance abuse. 88 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency prevention programs
Index Term(s): Community crime prevention programs ; School delinquency programs ; Violent juvenile offenders ; Violence prevention
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=177624

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