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NCJ Number: NCJ 189101   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: ADAM Preliminary 2000 Findings on Drug Use and Drug Markets--Adult Male Arrestees
Series: NIJ Research Report
Author(s): Bruce G. Taylor ; Nora Fitzgerald ; Dana Hunt ; Judy A. Reardon ; Henry H. Brownstein
Corporate Author: US Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice
Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring Program (ADAM)
United States of America
Date Published: 12/2001
Page Count: 63
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
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Document: Text PDF 
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This document presents findings from the Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring (ADAM) program.
Abstract: The ADAM program measures the extent of drug use in the high-risk population of people who have been arrested. Of the 38 sites that participate in the program, data about male arrestees were available from 27 and are included. The forthcoming annual report will present data for men, women, and juvenile arrestees from all 38 sites. ADAM has its roots in the Drug Use Forecasting (DUF) program, established in 1987 by the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) to provide participating communities with information for developing drug-control strategies and related public-policy responses. Two major, recent changes in ADAM were the adoption of a sampling strategy designed to improve the reliability of the findings and inclusion in the survey instrument of new questions that permit more in-depth examination of issues related to drug use. Information from this study comes from interviews and urinalyses obtained voluntarily and recorded confidentially. In 2000 the levels of drug use detected were high. Findings here focus on marijuana, cocaine, methamphetamine, opiates, and PCP – the “NIDA-5” drugs. Sixty-five percent or more of the arrestees had recently used at least one of the NIDA-5 drugs. The data from self-reports are probably conservative estimates of drug use. In most of the sites reported here, the adult male arrestees were over the age of 32. In half the sites, 30 percent or more of the arrestees did not have a high school diploma. A finding is that a large proportion of crack cocaine purchases still takes place outdoors. Another is that few attempts to purchase drugs ended in failure and police activity was rarely cited as the reason. ADAM’s new capacity for computerized mapping enables researchers and criminal justice agencies to identify geographical concentrations of dependence, and could help inform decisions on where to site treatment facilities. Footnotes, 11 tables, 27 references, 3 appendices
Main Term(s): Surveys ; Drug Use Forecasting system
Index Term(s): Drug dependence ; Drug abuse ; Urinalysis ; Male offenders ; Drug testing ; Self-report studies ; Drug offender profiles
   
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