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NCJ Number: NCJ 196674     Find in a Library
Title: Quality-of-Life Policing, Net Widening, and Crime Specialization
Author(s): Andrew Golub ; Bruce D. Johnson ; Angela Taylor ; John Eterno
Corporate Author: National Development and Research Institute, Inc. (NDRI)
United States of America
Date Published: 05/2002
Page Count: 29
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America

National Institute on Drug Abuse
United States of America

Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS)
US Dept of Justice
United States of America
Grant Number: 2000-IJ-CX-0041; 98-IJ-CX-K012; 2000-7353-NY-IJ; 5 T32DA07233-13
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

National Development and Research Institute, Inc. (NDRI)
71 West 23rd Street
New York, NY 10010
United States of America
Document: PDF 
Dataset: DATASET 1
Type: Report (Study/Research) ; Legislation/Policy Analysis
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined whether the New York City Police's (NYPD's) policy of arresting persons for minor offenses (quality-of-life offenses) drew people into the criminal justice system who would not otherwise have become involved ("net-widening") and/or increased minority representation among arrestees.
Abstract: Under a policy of getting tough on crime initiated in the 1990's, the NYPD instituted a policy of arresting persons for minor crimes such as fare-beating, smoking marijuana in public, graffiti, sleeping on public benches, etc. Clearly, this quality-of-life (QOL) policing increased the total number of arrests because of the expansion of the range of behaviors for which arrests were made. It is less obvious, however, whether QOL policing resulted in a wider variety of persons sustaining arrests, i.e., persons who would have otherwise been unlikely to be sanctioned. To explore this issue, 195 QOL arrestees and 265 persons arrested for serious offenses were compared on demographic characteristics, official State criminal histories, self-reports of involvement with various QOL behaviors, and recent drug use as detected by urinalysis. The study found that the two groups of arrestees had similar prior arrest records, participation in QOL offenses, and demographic composition. Blacks and Hispanics comprised close to 90 percent of both arrestee populations. These findings suggest that QOL policing as practiced by the NYPD in 1999 did not widen the net for arrest, nor did it increase minority representation among arrestees. 6 tables and 37 references
Main Term(s): Police policies and procedures
Index Term(s): Misdemeanor ; Disorderly conduct ; Police-minority relations ; Community policing ; Net widening ; Minority overrepresentation ; NIJ grant-related documents
Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=196674

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