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NCJ Number: NCJ 197049   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Understanding the Role of Neighborhood in the Long-Term Criminal Consequences of Childhood Maltreatment
Author(s): Amie M. Schuck
Date Published: 2002
Page Count: 184
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2000-IJ-CX-0031
Sale Source: State University of New York at Albany
School of Criminal Justice
1400 Washington Avenue
Albany, NY 12222
United States of America
Document: PDF 
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This dissertation questioned whether early childhood abuse combined with negative neighborhood structural characteristics is associated with an increased risk of developing antisocial behavior.
Abstract: The two main goals of this research were to examine the effect of neighborhood structural characteristics on the long-term criminality of maltreated children and to examine whether neighborhood social mobility influenced the long-term criminality of maltreated children. The author hypothesized that, first, victims of early child maltreatment living in neighborhoods with negative structural characteristics would be more likely to develop criminal and violent behavior. The author defines negative structural characteristics as residential instability, ethnic heterogeneity, and low concentrated advantage. The second hypothesis was that neighborhood social mobility was a potential link between neighborhood factors and individual outcomes. Data were drawn from a database containing information about the consequences of child abuse and neglect. A total of 908 cases of child abuse and neglect are contained within the database for one Midwestern metropolitan area for the years 1967 through 1971. This data on child maltreatment were linked with area data from the 1970 and 1990 censuses. The findings support the hypothesis that aspects of neighborhood context are associated with later criminal offending. More specifically, high levels of concentrated disadvantage increases the risk of both criminal and violent offending. Furthermore, the results provide support for the fact that residential stability exacerbates the criminal and violent tendencies for maltreated children. Also, the findings show that neighborhood concentrated disadvantage exacerbates the development of criminal patterns associated with early childhood maltreatment. In conclusion, the author cautions that generalizations may not be easily made from this data, which represents official records and therefore, the most extreme cases of child maltreatment. References, appendices, tables
Main Term(s): Child abuse ; Criminality prediction
Index Term(s): Violent crimes ; Violent offenders ; High crime areas ; Demographic analysis of crime ; Child abuse as crime factor
Note: Dissertation submitted to the University at Albany, State University of New York for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
   
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https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=197049

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