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NCJ Number: NCJ 207497   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Temporal Variation in the Likelihood of Police Notification by Victims of Rapes, 1973-2000
Author(s): Eric P. Baumer
Corporate Author: University of Missouri - St. Louis
Dept of Criminology & Criminal Justice
United States of America
Date Published: 04/2004
Page Count: 105
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2002-WG-BX-0001
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF 
Dataset: DATASET 1
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study utilized data from the National Crime Survey and the National Crime Victimization Survey to explore the likelihood of police notification by rape victims, specifically whether female rape victims have become more likely to report victimization to the police during the past three decades.
Abstract: Through previous research, it is well-known that many victims do not report violent victimizations to the police. The decision not to notify the police effectively eliminates the possibility of arresting the perpetrator of the violent act. It is therefore important to identify the factors and situations that inhibit or facilitate police notification. Utilizing data from the National Crime Survey (NCS) from 1973-1991 and the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) from 1992-2000, this study supported by the U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice, explored whether the likelihood of police notification for rape had increased since the early 1970's. Three specific questions were explored: (1) whether the overall likelihood of reporting by rape victims had increased between 1973 and 2000; (2) whether any observed increase in the likelihood of police notification during this period had been more prominent among incidents involving non-strangers; and (3) whether differences in the likelihood of police notification between incidents involving strangers and non-strangers had diminished significantly over time? The study was restricted to incidents that involved a female victim and one or more male offenders. The study sample utilizing NCS data included 1,609 rapes, and the sample utilizing NCVS data included 636 rapes. The findings from this study were consistent with previous studies on aggregate data that showed an upward trend from 1973 to the mid-1980's in police notification in non-stranger rapes. This study indicated the trend continuing through the early 1990's. The study also showed a significant increase in the likelihood of police notification overall after controlling for other factors. Future research recommendations are presented and discussed. References, figures, tables and appendix
Main Term(s): Sexual assault victims
Index Term(s): Rape ; Crime surveys ; Sexual assault ; Metal detection devices ; Citizen crime reporting ; Victimization surveys ; Rape investigations ; Rape statistics ; Female victims ; Personal crime victims ; Victims of violence ; NIJ grant-related documents
Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=207497

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