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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: NCJ 211485     Find in a Library
Title: Improving Criminal History Records for Background Checks, 2005
Series: BJS Special Reports
Author(s): Gerard F. Ramker
Corporate Author: Bureau of Justice Statistics
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Date Published: 07/2006
Page Count: 8
Sale Source: Justice Statistics Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: Text PDF 
Agency Summary: Agency Summary 
Type: Statistics
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report describes the achievements of the National Criminal History Improvement Program (NCHIP), its authorizing legislation, and program history.
Abstract: The report summarizes NCHIP-funded criminal records improvement efforts, including improved accessibility of records, full participation in the Interstate Identification Index, the automation of records and fingerprint data, and improvements in the National Instant Criminal Background Check, National Sex Offender Registry, and domestic violence and protection order systems. The report provides examples of projects aimed at enhancing the involvement of the courts and system integration in improving disposition reporting. The report also discusses the Bureau of Justice Statistics’ efforts to improve performance measurement including the development and use of a Records Quality Index. Highlights include the following: (1) at the end of 2003, States held approximately 71 million criminal records on individuals; (2) as of December 2005, 48 States belonged to the Interstate Identification Index (III), meeting the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s rigorous standards for participation; and (3) the National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) supports nearly 8 million checks annually at the presale stage of firearms purchases. Table, figures, appendix
Main Term(s): National programs
Index Term(s): Background investigations ; Criminal histories ; Computerized criminal histories ; Criminal history exchanges ; Databases
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