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NCJ Number: NCJ 215475   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Estimating Human Trafficking into the United States: Development of a Methodology
Author(s): Heather J. Clawson ; Mary Layne ; Kevonne Small
Corporate Author: ICF International (formerly Caliber Associates)
United States of America
Date Published: 12/2006
Page Count: 68
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2004TO178
Contract Number: T-001
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF 
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This research project developed and fully documented a method to estimate the number of females and males trafficked for the purposes of sexual and labor exploitation from eight countries (Colombia, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, Nicaragua, Peru, and Venezuela) into the United States at the Southwest border.
Abstract: The United States is widely regarded as a destination country for trafficking in persons for labor and sexual exploitation, yet the exact number of human trafficking victims to the United States has remained largely undetermined since passage of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) in 2000. This research project developed and fully documented a method to estimate the number of females and males trafficked for the purposes of sexual and labor exploitation from eight countries (Colombia, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, Nicaragua, Peru, and Venezuela) into the United States at the Southwest border. Preliminary estimates are reported for males and females at-risk for being trafficked for both labor and sexual exploitation in each of the eight countries by incorporating Monte Carlo simulation methods into the estimation model. The model was tested and the report presents preliminary estimates for the transit journey of trafficking victims from the eight countries to the southwest border of the United States. The model utilizes only open source data and was designed to be highly flexible and modular so that the models can evolve as the body of data expands. The method is very versatile in that it can be applied to any other combinations of countries as source or destination. The research highlights the crippling need for better data. 29 references, appendixes A-C, 26 exhibits
Main Term(s): Criminology ; Trafficking in Persons
Index Term(s): Prostitution ; Smuggling/Trafficking ; Victimization ; NIJ grant-related documents ; Venezuela ; Peru ; Mexico ; Guatemala ; Colombia ; Ecuador ; United States of America ; El Salvador ; Nicaragua
Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=237059

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