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NCJ Number: NCJ 217555   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Justice Delayed? Time Consumption in Capital Appeals: A Multistate Study
Author(s): Barry Latzer Ph.D. ; James N.G. Cauthen Ph.D.
Corporate Author: National Network for Safe Communities
United States of America
Date Published: 2007
Page Count: 56
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2004-IJ-CX-0005
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF 
Dataset: DATASET 1
Type: Research Paper
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study focused on the time taken to process direct appeals of capital cases in 14 States: Arizona, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Missouri, Nevada, New Jersey, North Carolina, Ohio, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and Washington.
Abstract: For each State, every capital case resolved on direct appeal by the court of last resort (COLR) between January 1, 1992 and December 31, 2002 was examined. This generated a database of 1,676 cases. Measuring from date of death sentence, it took a median 966 days to complete direct appeals. Petitioning the U.S. Supreme Court added 188 days where certiorari was denied, and a median 250 days where certiorari was granted and the issues were decided on the merits. Virginia is the most efficient of all States in the study, with a median processing time from sentence to COLR ruling of 295 days. Measuring from notice of appeal to COLR decision, Georgia, at 297 days, is the fastest court of last resort. Ohio, Tennessee, and Kentucky were the least efficient COLRs, consuming respectively, 1,388, 1,350 and 1,309 days. However, Ohio subsequently reduced its time consumption by 25 percent by eliminating intermediate appeals court review. Median time consumption of capital appeals from notice of appeal to COLR decision was 921 days, far in excess of American Bar Association guidelines, which call for 50 percent of all appeals to be completed in 290 days. Figures, and bibliography
Main Term(s): Capital punishment ; Courts
Index Term(s): Appellate courts ; Appeal procedures ; Sentencing/Sanctions ; US Supreme Court ; Death row inmates ; US Supreme Court decisions ; Appellate court decisions
Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=239209

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