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NCJRS Celebrates National Library Week April 12-18

National Library Week

Started in 1958, National Library Week is a nationwide observance celebrated by all types of libraries - including the NCJRS Virtual Library. NCJRS invites you to explore the breadth and scope of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection and services. With more than 220,000 collection documents and 60,000 online resources, including all known Office of Justice Programs works, it is one of the world’s largest criminal justice special collections.

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NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
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How to Obtain Documents
NCJ Number: NCJ 218848   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Identifying Fraud, Abuse, and Error in Personal Bankruptcy Filings
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Noreen Clancy ; Stephen J. Carroll
Corporate Author: RAND
United States of America
Date Published: 2007
Page Count: 60
  Annotation: This federally sponsored report draws on a literature review, expert study panel, and elite interviews to describe current processes for investigating bankruptcy fraud and abuse, to specify related challenges facing the U.S. Trustee Program (USTP), and to suggest avenues for future research and development that could assist the agency in better pursuing its mission.
Abstract: At present, the U.S. Trustee Program (USTP) relies on a bankruptcy filing process that is not digitally enabled and, therefore, does not support automated screening of claims for potential indicators of fraud, abuse, and error. The conversion to a digital filing process could allow USTP to implement automated screening and expert decision-support protocols to identify filings that present heightened risk. However, such screening would require that USTP define specific risk criteria by which to score individual claims. Other relevant criteria might be developed through statistical analyses of bankruptcy data gathered by the debtor audit project. It is concluded that there are several additional profiling and survey research tasks that USTP might undertake to better formalize indicators of suspicious filings and useful tips, ultimately as a precursor to leveraging digital filings through automated screenings for indicators of fraud, abuse, and error in the future. Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Justice, a study group of experts from the government, academia, and the private sector was formed to assist USTP in thinking about how to better identify and measure fraud, abuse, and error in personal bankruptcy filings. The study group addressed five questions which comprise this report: (1) are there lessons to be learned from how other government programs or the private sector detect fraud and abuse; (2) are there any transferable processes that USTP can consider adopting; (3) how might USTP develop indicators of fraud, abuse, and error; (4) how might USTP consider estimating the prevalence of fraud, abuse, and error; and (5) what future research tasks could USTP conduct to develop data and knowledge that would enable it to more effectively identify fraud, abuse, and error in the bankruptcy system? Appendix, bibliography
Main Term(s): Bankruptcy fraud
Index Term(s): Fraud ; Crime prevention measures ; Misuse of funds ; Fraud and abuse prevention measures ; NIJ grant-related documents
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2005-ASP-013
Publication Number: ISBN 978-0-8330-4170-8
Sale Source: RAND
1200 South Hayes Street
Arlington, VA 22202-5050
United States of America
Type: Issue Overview
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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