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NCJRS Celebrates National Library Week April 12-18

National Library Week

Started in 1958, National Library Week is a nationwide observance celebrated by all types of libraries - including the NCJRS Virtual Library. NCJRS invites you to explore the breadth and scope of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection and services. With more than 220,000 collection documents and 60,000 online resources, including all known Office of Justice Programs works, it is one of the world’s largest criminal justice special collections.

We encourage your Feedback. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Virtual Library and Abstracts Database, how you access the collection, and any ways we can improve our services.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database.

How to Obtain Documents
NCJ Number: NCJ 222843     Find in a Library
Title: Strategies to Prevent Prison Rape by Changing the Correctional Culture
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Janine M. Zweig ; John Blackmore
Date Published: 10/2008
Page Count: 16
  Series: NIJ Research Report
  Annotation: Based on interviews with prison officials in 45 States, this report presents promising initiatives and practices for addressing sexual violence in prisons identified in 11 States.
Abstract: In order to address sexual violence in State prisons and eventually eliminate it, State correctional administers offered four recommendations. First, develop a department-wide strategy and specific policies and programs for inmate education and victim services as well as the investigation, prosecution, and accurate documentation of sexual assaults. Second, cultivate management, staff, and inmates for their support of the strategy. Third, develop staff inservice training programs that specifically address in-prison rape, with attention to ensuring that staff will be protected from false allegations. Fourth, develop inmate education programs that explain prison policies and practices regarding rape, inmate rights, and how to avoid sexual assault. In implementing these recommendations, resistance of agency staff, corrections officers, and inmates to changing prison culture was cited as the greatest challenge. One commonly cited barrier to change was the unwillingness of agency staff and corrections officers to change their attitudes and behaviors. Some line staff and supervisors, for example, were not comfortable with the idea that a prisoner could also be a victim. Some administrators indicated that staff members resisted change out of fear of inmates’ false accusations of rape by staff once inmates were encouraged to report information about rapes. On the other hand, administrators in some States reported that the greater challenge was developing inmates’ confidence that prison management personnel would take seriously rape reports by taking swift action to deal with reported incidents. Suggestions for addressing these barriers to change are strong leadership at the highest management levels, the modeling of positive behaviors, inservice staff training, and educating inmates about prison policies and practices toward rape. 2 exhibits and 2 notes
Main Term(s): Corrections policies
Index Term(s): Correctional Personnel Training ; Victim services ; State correctional facilities ; Corrections management ; Change management ; Prisoner sexual assault ; Prison management ; Inmate Education Assistance Programs ; Prison conditions ; NIJ grant-related documents
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America

Texas Dept of Criminal Justice
United States of America
Grant Number: 2004-RP-BX-0001
Contract Number: 477-R05
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research) ; Legislation/Policy Description
Country: United States of America
Language: English
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

* A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's web site is provided.