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NCJRS Celebrates National Library Week April 12-18

National Library Week

Started in 1958, National Library Week is a nationwide observance celebrated by all types of libraries - including the NCJRS Virtual Library. NCJRS invites you to explore the breadth and scope of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection and services. With more than 220,000 collection documents and 60,000 online resources, including all known Office of Justice Programs works, it is one of the world’s largest criminal justice special collections.

We encourage your Feedback. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Virtual Library and Abstracts Database, how you access the collection, and any ways we can improve our services.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database.

How to Obtain Documents
NCJ Number: NCJ 225342     Find in a Library
Title: Violence and Safety Programs in Women's Prisons and Jails: Addressing Prevention, Intervention and Treatment
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Bernadette T. Muscat Ph.D.
Date Published: 11/2008
Page Count: 11
  Annotation: In response to the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA), this report describes the context and correlates that produce and support both violence and safety in women’s prisons and jails.
Abstract: The data indicate that sexual violence is embedded in the broader context of violence and safety in women’s facilities and that this context is gender-based. The report concludes, however, that violence in women’s facilities is not a dominant aspect of inmates’ daily life and is shaped by time, place, prison culture, interpersonal relationships, and staff actions. There are several potential influences on violence within a correctional facility. They include poor communication and interpersonal skills, individual vulnerabilities, addictions, group association and gang affiliations, and snitching. The facility culture and physical plant also provide a context for violence. Facility factors include overcrowding, blind spots, lack of staff, minimal surveillance, mixed classifications, and locations that are susceptible to violence. It is important that programs be developed and made available to staff and inmates in addressing these issues. Effective programs will have the effect of breaking the cycle of addiction and crime. Programs that can help female inmates break these cycles focus on drug treatment and the root causes for the onset of addiction. Breaking the cycle of crime can be addressed with victim-offender reconciliation programs, restorative justice programs, mediation, and victim impact panels. A second type of program that can benefit female inmates focuses on the development and maintenance of healthy relationships while incarcerated and after leaving the institution. Other types of programs described in this report involve breaking the cycle of violence under a three-phase model, the development of work and life skills, and the creation of a system through which women can report threats and incidents that threaten their personal safety. 2 figures and 2 references
Main Term(s): Corrections policies
Index Term(s): Violent inmates ; Inmate personal security ; Female inmates ; Womens correctional institutions ; Violent women ; Inmate characteristics ; Prison conditions ; Violence causes ; Violence prevention ; Gender issues ; NIJ final report
Grant Number: 2006-RP-BX-0016
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: Reference NCJ 225338 for complete report, NCJ 225339-225341 for individual report sections, and NCJ 225343 for related bulletin.
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

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