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NCJ Number: NCJ 226821   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Social Norms Approach to Community-Based Crime Prevention: Implicit and Explicit Messages on Neighborhood Watch Signs
Author(s): P. Wesley Schultz Ph.D. ; Jennifer J. Tabanico M.A.
Date Published: 2009
Page Count: 82
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2005-IJ-CX-0016
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF 
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: In order to test the hypothesis that Neighborhood Watch signs and their content might convey to viewers that crime is a normative experience in a community, three laboratory experiments were conducted in order to examine the impact of such signs on viewers’ perceived community crime rates, perceptions of the likelihood of victimization, and estimates of community safety and quality.
Abstract: One study determined that participants who viewed a Neighborhood Watch sign that contained a “High Crime” message in a middle class community reported a significantly higher likelihood of victimization, higher levels of community crime, and lower levels of perceived safety and community quality compared to those who viewed a generic sign, no sign, or a “Low Crime” message. The second study replicated the basic effects of the previous study while extending the research to include an analysis of the moderating role of community socioeconomic status (SES). The study found that in middle SES communities, participants perceived more burglary and greater likelihood of victimization when there was a Neighborhood Watch sign posted compared to the absence of such a sign. In high SES communities, on the other hand, the sign had the opposite effect. These findings are consistent with predictions based on social psychological theory. The third study, which examined the potential for the physical condition of Neighborhood Watch signs to moderate the impact of the signs in low and high SES communities, found that the presence of a defaced sign caused increased perceptions of crime and burglary rates across both low and high SES communities. In low SES communities, the presence of an aged sign led to increased perceptions of crime rates, burglary rates, and burglary victimization, along with a decreased perception that a burglar would be caught. The opposite effects were found for aged signs in high SES communities. 11 tables, 9 figures, 43 references, and appended study materials
Main Term(s): Crime prevention planning
Index Term(s): Fear of crime ; Community crime prevention programs ; Block watch ; Public Opinion of Crime ; Socioeconomic development ; NIJ final report
   
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https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=248820

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