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NCJ Number: NCJ 230757     Find in a Library
Title: Bringing Geography to the Practice of Analyzing Crime Through Technology
Author(s): Ronald Wilson ; Timothy Brown
Date Published: 06/2010
Page Count: 9
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF 
Type: Program/Project Description
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: After an overview of mapping, spatial analysis, and geography at the U.S. Justice Department’s National Institute of Justice (NIJ), this report defines “crime mapping,” reviews the current use of spatial analysis in the study of crime, outlines grant-funded research from NIJ’s MAPS program, and suggests future directions for this program.
Abstract: In 1997, NIJ established the Crime Mapping Research Center (CMRC), with a focus on using geographic information systems to visualize crime data and understand spatial patterns of criminal activity. CMRC’s efforts were intended to enhance crime analysis by State and local law enforcement and other criminal justice organizations. In 2002, NIJ transformed CMRC into the Mapping and Analysis for Public Safety (MAPS) program. This program focuses on integrating spatial statistics into the measurement of geographic crime patterns. When the program was expanded into NIJ’s Office of Science and Technology (OST), it began examining emerging technologies that would be key tools in crime analysis. Much of what the MAPS program does is called “crime mapping,” which involves more than plotting crime locations. Crime mapping is usually coupled with the use of a geographic information system (GIS), which is a tool for visualizing and manipulating geographic data used to prepare data for statistical analysis, as well as to display the output from analysis. The current use of spatial analysis in the study of crime has been aided by the development of computer GIS software, which is a dominant tool for analyzing crime data. Over the past few years, the MAPS program has funded several geospatial technology research projects intended to advance the collection and geographical analysis of crime data. Four of these projects are briefly described in this report. The report concludes with suggestions for future research and technology related to spatial analysis. 1 figure and 7 references
Main Term(s): Technology transfer
Index Term(s): Computer aided operations ; Grants or contracts ; Computer mapping ; Computer software ; Geographic distribution of crime ; Crime analysis ; National Institute of Justice (NIJ) ; Automated crime analysis ; Geographic information systems (GIS) ; Crime Mapping
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=252802

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