skip navigation

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar


NCJRS Celebrates National Library Week April 12-18

National Library Week

Started in 1958, National Library Week is a nationwide observance celebrated by all types of libraries - including the NCJRS Virtual Library. NCJRS invites you to explore the breadth and scope of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection and services. With more than 220,000 collection documents and 60,000 online resources, including all known Office of Justice Programs works, it is one of the world’s largest criminal justice special collections.

We encourage your Feedback. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Virtual Library and Abstracts Database, how you access the collection, and any ways we can improve our services.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database.

How to Obtain Documents
NCJ Number: NCJ 236950     Find in a Library
Title: Test Methodologies for the Assessment of Less-Lethal Kinetic Energy Rounds
  Document URL: PDF 
Corporate Author: Wayne State University
United States of America
Date Published: 12/2011
Page Count: 38
  Annotation: This project used existing knowledge to develop a testing methodology for assessing less-lethal kinetic-energy munitions; and results from testing the use of these methodologies are presented in order to assist law enforcement agents in making informed decisions.
Abstract: The results reported represent the most commonly used bean-bag style, kinetic-energy munitions used by law enforcement officers. This round style was selected due to its popularity among law enforcement and peace-keeping officers. The rounds are meant to be the first of many round types to be characterized by the testing methods. At a meeting held at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) on December 5, 2005, draft standards for both blunt and penetrating impacts were presented. A process previously followed by NIST was determined to be the appropriate path to follow. Following this process, the next step involved determining the requirements for kinetic-energy less-lethal devices. As part of the development of the proposed testing methodology, an evaluation of currently manufactured kinetic-energy munitions was conducted. Two key aspects of testing were proposed, including performance of the round and injury risk. The parameters evaluated include accuracy, precision, penetration, and the viscous criterion. The methodology for testing each of these features is described in detail. 17 tables, 3 figures, and appended draft National Institute of Justice less-lethal kinetic-energy test standard and individual round results
Main Term(s): Police weapons
Index Term(s): Testing and measurement ; Ammunition ; Less Lethal/ Nonlethal Weapons ; NIJ final report
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2007-DE-BX-K221
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research) ; Test/Measurement
Country: United States of America
Language: English
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

* A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's web site is provided.