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NCJ Number: NCJ 239233  Add to Shoppping Cart  
Title: Changing Course: Preventing Gang Membership - Executive Summary
Author(s): Nancy M. Ritter ; Thomas R. Simon, Ph.D. ; Reshma R. Mahendra, M.P.H.
Date Published: 2013
Page Count: 20
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America

Ctr's for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
United States of America
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: HTML (ePub) HTML (MOBI) PDF 
Agency Summary: Agency Summary 
Type: Overview Text ; Report (Summary)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This executive summary highlights the chapters of a book on how to prevent youth from joining gangs during a time of limited government resources; the book was published by the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the chapters were written by some of the Nation’s foremost criminal justice and public health researchers.
Abstract: The chapters offer six themes in broad, strategic actions that can counter gang-joining: build partnerships; use data; frame the issue; create a plan; implement the plan; and evaluate its effectiveness. The partnerships encompass agencies whose functions are in the broad domains of public health and public safety. The four components of the public-health sector’s involvement in preventing gang-joining are to describe and monitor the problem, to identify the risk and protective factors, to develop and evaluate prevention strategies, and to ensure widespread implementation. Public-health research and practice related to risk and protective factors encompasses the spheres of child development, family environment, school influence, community variables, and race/ethnicity factors. In the public-safety sector, the book’s focus is on law enforcement’s use of the SARA model, which is an acronym for scanning, analyzing, responding, and assessing the problem. These tasks encompass scanning the environment for crime problems, analyzing problems through multiple sources of information, developing a response, and assessing the effectiveness of the response. A separate chapter addresses how to prevent girls from joining gangs. The design, planning, and implementation of strategies to prevent gang-joining should include representatives from public-health and public-safety agencies. Personnel and financial resources from both of these sectors should be used in all phases of the strategies, including evaluations. Chapter notes and data
Main Term(s): Community crime prevention programs
Index Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors ; Juvenile delinquency prevention ; Violent juvenile offenders ; Children at risk ; Juvenile delinquency prevention programs ; Violence prevention ; Adolescents at risk ; Gang Prevention ; Gang violence ; NIJ grant-related documents
Note: For the full report, see NCJ-239234
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=261297

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