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NCJRS Celebrates National Library Week April 12-18

National Library Week

Started in 1958, National Library Week is a nationwide observance celebrated by all types of libraries - including the NCJRS Virtual Library. NCJRS invites you to explore the breadth and scope of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection and services. With more than 220,000 collection documents and 60,000 online resources, including all known Office of Justice Programs works, it is one of the world’s largest criminal justice special collections.

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NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database.

How to Obtain Documents
 
NCJ Number: NCJ 241728     Find in a Library
Title: Project Safe Neighborhoods Case Study Report: Southern District of Alabama (Case Study 10)
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Natalie Kroovand Hipple, Ph.D. ; Timothy O'Shea, Ph.D. ; Edmund F. McGarrell, Ph.D.
Date Published: 03/2007
Page Count: 37
  Annotation: This case study of the federally supported Project Safe Neighborhoods (PSN) in the Southern District of Alabama focuses on the characteristics and outcomes of this district’s efforts to reduce gun violence under the PSN goals and strategies.
Abstract: The Southern District of Alabama is one of three Federal districts in the State. The largest city is Mobile, and this city became the initial focus of PSN, due to the concentration of the district’s gun crime in this city; in addition, gunshot admissions to the local trauma center declined during this period; however, homicides with a gun did not change significantly. During this same period, property crime increased slightly, and the analyses indicated that the decline in gun crime held after controlling for the trend in property crime. This suggests that the decline in gun crime was due to the impact of PSN rather than a general decline in all crime. The gun-crime reduction strategies in the district were based on a Project Exile type of approach, which coupled increased Federal prosecution with a media campaign that communicated a deterrence message. The strategy is based on the incapacitation of serious chronic offenders as well as a change in the perception among the offender population regarding the threat of punishment for illegal possession and use of a gun. Instead of the traditional task force structure, the district used a less structured format. Key officials from the Mobile Police Department (MPD), ATF, and the U.S. Attorney’s Office stayed within their agencies, but worked daily to focus on gun crime. A gun coordinator within MPD screened all gun cases and funneled all eligible gun cases through ATF to the U.S. Attorney’s Office for Federal prosecution. Procedures of problem analysis under the PSN strategy are described. 2 figures, 4 tables, and 11 references
Main Term(s): Effectiveness of crime prevention programs
Index Term(s): Case studies ; Crime specific countermeasures ; Violence prevention ; NIJ final report ; Alabama ; Gun Violence
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2002-GP-CX-1003
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Program/Project Description ; Program/Project Evaluation
Country: United States of America
Language: English
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=263819

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