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NCJRS Celebrates National Library Week April 12-18

National Library Week

Started in 1958, National Library Week is a nationwide observance celebrated by all types of libraries - including the NCJRS Virtual Library. NCJRS invites you to explore the breadth and scope of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection and services. With more than 220,000 collection documents and 60,000 online resources, including all known Office of Justice Programs works, it is one of the world’s largest criminal justice special collections.

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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: NCJ 241743   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Statistical Examination of Handwriting Characteristics Using Automated Tools
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Sargur N. Srihari
Date Published: 02/2013
Page Count: 85
  Annotation: This report presents the results of research aimed at developing new statistical methods and software tools for examining handwriting characteristics.
Abstract: This report presents the results of research aimed at developing new statistical methods and software tools for examining handwriting characteristics. The research consisted of six goals: 1) develop methods to extract samples of commonly encountered letter forms from extended handwriting samples of typical writers in the United States, 2) prepare the appropriate format to present the samples to QD (questioned document) examiners who would then enter perceived characteristics with a user interface, 3i) determine the frequency of occurrence of combinations of handwriting characteristics, 4) use those frequencies to construct a probabilistic model without the method being overwhelmed by the combinatorial possibilities and sample requirements, 5) develop methods to infer the probability of evidence from the model, and 6) indicate where such methods could be used in the QD examiner's work-flow. The project’s tasks were divided into four parts, and are presented in that format in this report: data preparation, model construction, inference, and QD work-flow. Several conclusions were reached as a result of this project. These conclusions include 1) statistical characterization of handwriting characteristics can be useful to assist the QD examiner in the examination of handwritten items; 2) since probability distributions of handwriting characteristics involve too many parameters, the complexity can be handled using probabilistic graphical models (PGMs); 3) PGMs can be used to determine the rarity of given characteristics; 4) software interfaces for creating databases of handwriting characteristics for different commonly occurring letter combinations have been developed, 5) an automatic method for determining handwriting type was introduced, with a 92 percent accuracy, and 6) statistical methods can be used in the work-flow of the forensic document examiner. Implications for policy and practice are discussed. Tables, figures, algorithms, appendixes, and references
Main Term(s): Handwriting analysis
Index Term(s): Document analysis ; Evidence identification and analysis ; Analysis ; Forensics/Forensic Sciences ; Automated crime analysis ; NIJ grant-related documents
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2010-DN-BX-K037
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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