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NCJRS Celebrates National Library Week April 12-18

National Library Week

Started in 1958, National Library Week is a nationwide observance celebrated by all types of libraries - including the NCJRS Virtual Library. NCJRS invites you to explore the breadth and scope of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection and services. With more than 220,000 collection documents and 60,000 online resources, including all known Office of Justice Programs works, it is one of the world’s largest criminal justice special collections.

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NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database.

How to Obtain Documents
 
NCJ Number: NCJ 242145     Find in a Library
Title: Research and Development of Impression Evidence
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Demos Athanasopoulos, Ph.D. ; Adam Dale ; Eric Sorrentino, M.S.
Date Published: 05/2013
Page Count: 40
  Annotation: Project goals were to develop an optimal formula composition of Magneto-Rheological (MR) casting fluid; determine the limitations and benefits of using MR solutions as a casting fluid; and if successful in these efforts, develop a method of creating 3D images for permanent storage of the casting impressions.
Abstract: The MR solution developed created long-lasting, durable, and high-resolution cases, which facilitated the visualization and analysis of small details not discernible on the object that made the impression. With every MR solution, the casting substrate had to be non-porous, so that the solution was not absorbed by the substrate, as well as non-magnetic so the solution was not affected by the magnetic field of the substrate. In addition to the higher cast resolution, the cast formed instantly once the magnetic field was applied, which is not possible with modern methods. With MR fluids, impression details quickly dissipate after the magnetic field has been removed. In order for MR fluids to be used in a professional setting, a commercially available magnetized container would be necessary. The main benefit of Mikrosil and Dental Stone over the current MR fluids is the permanency of the casts and their ruggedness; however, MR fluids have the capability to collect and preserve evidence with higher accuracy at lower costs, faster set time, and with fewer user errors than Mikrosil or Dental Stone casting. The trial MR fluid compositions were developed through trial and error by adjusting the concentration of the components in the fluid. Of the trial solution prepared for this project, the optimal MR fluid consisted of 25.0 g 325 mesh iron, 0.75 g cellulose, 0.75 g sodium nitrite, 0.15 g sodium chloride, 0.5 g silicon dioxide, and 10.0 mL-distilled water. 1 table, 8 figures, 16 references, and a listing of 2 publications that have disseminated the research findings
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Toolmark identification ; Shoe prints and tire tracks ; Casting techniques ; Forensics/Forensic Sciences ; Investigative techniques ; NIJ final report
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2009-DN-BX-K204
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Report (Technical)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=264307

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