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NCJ Number: NCJ 083575   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Standards Relating to Juvenile Delinquency and Sanctions
Author(s): J M Junker
Corporate Author: Juvenile Justice Standards Project
United States of America
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 60
Sponsoring Agency: American Bar Endowment
United States of America

Andrew W Mellon Foundation
United States of America

Vincent Astor Foundation
United States of America

Herman Goldman Foundation
United States of America

National Institute of Justice
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America

US Securities and Exchange Cmssn
Office of the Inspector General
United States of America

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
United States of America
Grant Number: 76-JN-99-0018; 78-JN-AX-0002; 74-NI-99-0043; 75-NI-99-0101; 71-NI-99-0014;72-NI-99-0032; 79-JN-AX-00
Sale Source: Ballinger Publishing Co
Harvard Square
17 Dunster Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States of America
Document: PDF 
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: These juvenile justice standards defining juvenile delinquency and juvenile sanctions cover jurisdiction, general principles of liability, sanctions, and limits on the type and duration of delinquency sanctions.
Abstract: The standards recommend complete repeal of all special offenses for juveniles, decriminalization of certain private offenses commonly included in State and local criminal codes (and thus applicable to juveniles by incorporation of those standards), tailoring of certain general principles of criminal law to reflect the special conditions and situations of juveniles, and creation of special grounds of justification and excuse applicable to juveniles. Preliminary principles discuss the purposes of a juvenile delinquency code, burden of proof, and discretionary dismissal. Standards for jurisdictions focus on age, offense, and elimination of uniquely juvenile offenses, and general principles of liability consider mens rea, consent, parental authority, and responsibility. The standards aim at substantial determinacy in delinquency sanctions by (1) describing three types of sanctions: custodial, conditional freedom, and nominal; (2) ranking juvenile offense categories according to the maximum penalties authorized for adult offenders; and (3) limiting the type and duration of sanction according to the category of offense, the prior record of the juvenile, and the severity of the sanction. Standards for limits on type and duration of delinquency sanctions deal with orders imposing sanctions, multiple juvenile offenses, and termination of orders imposing sanctions. Dissenting views are presented. A bibliography is not included.
Index Term(s): Sentencing/Sanctions ; Juvenile codes ; Juvenile justice standards
   
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