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Fall 2005
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Cover of National Summit on Campus Public Safety: Strategies for Colleges and Universities in a Homeland Security EnvironmentOur colleges and universities: How secure?

Colleges and universities are among our most vulnerable and exploitable targets for individuals and organizations seeking to cause harm and fear. In some jurisdictions, threat assessments have cited colleges and universities as potential targets of terrorist activity, while other jurisdictions have ignored them in homeland security planning. In a COPS-sponsored project led by the Mid-Atlantic Regional Community Policing Institute, a national summit on campus public safety held in late 2004 established direction and made recommendations for developing a national strategy, programs, information sharing resources, funding, and other initiatives for protecting our colleges and universities.
National Summit on Campus Public Safety: Strategies for Colleges and Universities in a Homeland Security Environment
, 84 pages

Tech Docs: Technology Resources for Law Enforcement CD, Web site imageOne-stop crime-fighting technology information

A COPS CD provides more than 50 documents and resources related to law enforcement and crime-fighting technology. Information provided by the COPS Office, U.S. Department of Justice, and other federal agencies covers IT guides and reports, crime mapping and crime analysis, interoperable communications and information sharing, surveillance video and in-car cameras, and 311 nonemergency call systems.
Tech Docs: Technology Resources for Law Enforcement

COPS Office Drugs and Crime CD, Web site imageDrugs and crime: How much do you know?

To help law enforcement understand and deal with the problems of drugs and crime, the COPS Office, U.S. Department of Justice, and other Federal agencies provided more than 140 publications and resources for the creation of this CD. It includes information on club drugs, cocaine, ecstasy, methamphetamine, marijuana, and drugs and crime-fighting policy and research.
Drugs and Crime

Screen capture of COPS Web siteFighting child pornography on the Internet

The treatment of children as sexual objects has existed through the ages, and so, too, has the production of erotic literature and drawings involving children. Pornography in the modern sense began with the invention of the camera in the early 19th century. Almost immediately, sexualized images involving children were produced, traded, and collected. Even so, child pornography remained a restricted activity through most of the 20th century. Images generally were locally produced, of poor quality, expensive, and difficult to obtain. The relaxation of censorship standards in the 1960s led to an increase in the availability of child pornography, and by 1977, some 250 child pornography magazines were circulating in the United States—many imported from Europe. Despite concern about the extent of child pornography, law enforcement agencies had considerable success in stemming the traffic in these traditional hardcopy forms. The advent of the Internet in the 1980s, however, has changed dramatically the scale and nature of the child pornography problem and has also required new approaches to investigation and control. This guide, one in a series of Problem-Specific Guides published by COPS, describes the problem and reviews the factors that increase the risks of Internet child pornography. It then identifies a series of questions that might assist local law enforcement in analyzing a local Internet child pornography problem. Finally, it reviews responses to the problem and what is known about these from evaluative research and police practice.
Internet Child Pornography

Cover of Juvenile Arrests 2003Bulletin details characteristics of juvenile arrests in 2003

This Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) bulletin provides a summary and an analysis of national and State juvenile arrest data presented in the FBI report Crime in the United States 2003. As the bulletin notes, the juvenile violent crime arrest rate in 2003 reached its lowest level since 1980. The juvenile arrest rate for each of the offenses tracked in the FBI?s Violent Crime Index (murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault) has declined steadily since the mid-1990s; for murder, the rate fell 77 percent from its 1993 peak through 2003.
Juvenile Arrests 2003, 12 pages

Cover of A Guide to Developing, Maintaining, and Succeeding With Your School Resource Officer ProgramSchool resource officers make schools safe

A school resource officer (SRO) is vital to ensuring that a school is a safe environment in which students feel secure. SROs serve in multiple roles: law enforcement officer, educator, problem solver, and community liaison. Many SRO programs, however, have difficulty recruiting, screening, retaining, training, and supervising the SROs. A Guide to Developing, Maintaining, and Succeeding With Your School Resource Officer Program, published by the COPS Office, presents the results of a study conducted by Abt Associates Inc. of SRO program operations that address the problem areas. The report will enable other jurisdictions to benefit from the experiences of the programs studied.
A Guide to Developing, Maintaining, and Succeeding With Your School Resource Officer Program, 251 pages

Cover of SRO Performance Evaluation: A Guide to Getting ResultsA second COPS Office publication, SRO Performance Evaluation: A Guide to Getting Results, prepared by Circle Solutions, Inc., and its companion CD, is an 11-step guide to help law enforcement and school personnel use SRO performance assessment to address school crime and disorder problems and achieve results.
SRO Performance Evaluation: A Guide to Getting Results, 76 pages

CD: Same title

Cover of Investigating Child FatalitiesGuide offers insights into investigating child fatalities

Investigating Child Fatalities, the latest publication in OJJDP?s popular Portable Guides to Investigating Child Abuse series, is a practical, step-by-step guide for law enforcement officers investigating child fatality cases in which the investigator believes that abuse or neglect may have caused or contributed to the child?s death. It describes how child fatalities differ from other homicide cases and offers guidelines for conducting the investigation, documenting the case, questioning witnesses, interrogating suspects, and testifying in court. The guide will also be useful for child protective services investigators, prosecutors, child fatality review team members, and other professionals who are involved in these cases.
Investigating Child Fatalities, 37 pages

Cover of Juvenile Victimization and Offending, 1993-2003Good news about juvenile victimization

Juveniles 12?17 years old, like all other age groups, experienced a decline in violent crime victimizations from 1993 through 2003. The largest decreases were among younger teens, 12?14 years old. Using data from the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) and the FBI?s Supplementary Homicide Reports, this report provides details about violent crimes involving juveniles as victims or offenders, including weapon use, injury, victim/offender relationship, crime location, peak hours for serious violent crime against juveniles, gang involvement, and characteristics of the offender.
Juvenile Victimization and Offending, 1993?2003, 10 pages

BJS Deaths in Custody collection, Web site imageDeaths in Custody

BJS?s Deaths in Custody collection collects quarterly inmate death records from each of the Nation?s 50 State prison systems, 50 State juvenile correctional authorities, and 3,095 local jails. In addition, this program collects quarterly records of all deaths during the process of arrest by each of the Nation?s 17,784 State and local law enforcement agencies. These death records include information on the deceased?s personal characteristics (age, gender, and race/ethnicity), his or her criminal background (legal status, offense types, length of stay in custody), as well as details of the death itself (the date, time, location, and cause of each death, as well as information on autopsies and medical treatment provided for illnesses/diseases).

For more information about the Deaths in Custody collection, visit http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/correct.htm#custody. The first report from this effort, Suicide and Homicide in State Prisons and Local Jails, was released in August 2005.

Cover of Suicide and Homicide in State Prisons and Local JailsInmate suicide and homicide rates declined

Suicide had been the leading cause of jail inmate deaths in 1983, but in 2002 the death rate from illnesses and natural causes was higher. State prison suicide rates, which have historically been much lower than the rate in jails, also dropped sharply. State prison homicide rates, which have historically been much higher than the rate in jails, also dropped sharply, while local jail inmate homicide rates fell slightly. This report is based on the first findings from the Deaths in Custody Reporting Program. It also answers the following questions:

  • What types of inmates were most likely to commit suicide or to be victims of homicide?

  • What time of day did the deaths occur?

  • How long had the inmates been incarcerated?

  • Were there any differences in mortality rates by facility size?

  • How do correctional homicide and suicide rates compare to those in the general population?

Suicide and Homicide in State Prisons and Local Jails, 12 pages

Cover of Sexual Violence Reported by Correctional Authorities, 2004Allegations of sexual violence in correctional facilities analyzed

In 2004, more than 8,000 allegations of sexual violence were reported nationwide by correctional authorities. These authorities substantiated nearly 2,100 incidents of sexual violence. Rates of substantiated incidents were highest in juvenile facilities. This report presents data from the Survey on Sexual Violence, 2004, an administrative records collection of incidents of inmate-on-inmate and staff-on-inmate sexual violence reported to correctional authorities. It covers such topics as how sexual violence is measured; the number of nonconsensual sexual acts and abusive sexual contacts; staff sexual misconduct and harassment; and how investigations are handled.

The Survey on Sexual Violence and this report are initial steps in a multiphase strategy to measure prison rape as required under the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (Public Law 108?79).
Sexual Violence Reported by Correctional Authorities, 2004, 38 pages

Cover of Substance Dependence, Abuse, and Treatment of Jail Inmates, 2002More than two-thirds of jail inmates met the criteria for substance dependence or abuse

This report outlines the results from the 2002 Survey of Inmates in Local Jails that, for the first time, measured the prevalence of substance dependence or abuse based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM?IV). The survey found that jail inmates are much more likely to meet the criteria of substance dependence or abuse than the general population. The report presents measures of dependence and abuse by gender, race, Hispanic origin, age, and most serious offense. It also compares the levels of prior substance use, dependence, abuse, and treatment by selected characteristics, such as family background, criminal record, type of substance, and offense. The report also discusses the inmate?s substance abuse treatment or participation in other programs before and after entering jail.
Substance Dependence, Abuse, and Treatment of Jail Inmates, 2002, 12 pages

BJS STATISTICAL UPDATES

Survey of State Procedures Related to Firearm Sales, Midyear 2004

Federal Tort Trials and Verdicts, 2002-03

Justice Assistance Grant (JAG) Program, 2005

Traffic Stop Data Collection Policies for State Police, 2004

HIV in Prison, 2003

The Sourcebook of Criminal Justice Statistics, 2003

For more information about BJS periodic reports, visit http//ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/periodic.htm.

Cover of Violence by Gang Members, 1993-2003Is gang violence increasing?

Violent crimes for which victims identified the offender as a gang member peaked in 1996 at 10 percent of all violent crime, and decreased until 1998 to about 6 percent, not significantly changing since then. On average for each year, gang members committed about 373,000 of the 6.6 million violent victimizations. Using data from the National Crime Victimization Survey and the FBI?s Supplementary Homicide Reports, this crime data brief contains estimates of the number and rate of violent crimes committed by gang members; the demographic characteristics (such as race, age, and gender) of the victims of violence by gang members; and the characteristics of the incident such as police notification and number of offenders.
Violence by Gang Members, 1993?2003, 2 pages

Cover of Statutory Rape Known to Law EnforcementTaking a closer look at the incidence of statutory rape

This OJJDP bulletin draws on data from the FBI?s National Incident-Based Reporting System to examine victims and offenders in statutory rape incidents. At the national level currently, almost nothing is known about the incidence of statutory rape. This bulletin provides the first large-scale look at the patterns of and law enforcement?s responses to statutory rape. An analysis of the data characterizes victim and offender attributes (age, gender, relationship) and law enforcement?s response to the incident.
Statutory Rape Known to Law Enforcement, 4 pages

Cover of Family Violence Statistics: Including Statistics on Strangers and AcquaintancesFamily violence and the justice system?s response described

Data on family violence from a wide variety of BJS and FBI collections provides statistical snapshots of family violence at different stages in the administration of justice. This report includes statistics on the extent of violent crime among families, family violence reported to police, arrests and prosecutions for family violence, and characteristics of offenders in jail and prison for family violence. Findings include the following: Family violence accounted for 11 percent of all reported and unreported violence between 1998 and 2002; the majority of crimes of violence among family members were acts of assault that occurred in private between men and women; and family violence offenders demonstrated a history of involvement with the criminal justice system.
Family Violence Statistics: Including Statistics on Strangers and Acquaintances, 76 pages


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