IN THE SPOTLIGHT
Hate Crime - Facts and Figures
This section provides information and data on hate crime:
Each year through its Uniform Crime Reports program, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) compiles data from hate crime reports submitted by law enforcement agencies throughout the Nation. Agencies that participated in the Hate Crime Statistics Program in 2012 represented over 249 million inhabitants, and their jurisdictions covered 48 states, the District of Columbia, Guam, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. As reported in Hate Crime Statistics 2012 (November 2013):
- 5,796 criminal incidents involving 6,718 offenses were reported in 2012 as being motivated by a bias toward a particular race, religion, sexual orientation, ethnicity/national origin, or physical or mental disability.
- Of the 5,790 single-bias incidents reported in 2012, 48.3 percent were racially motivated, 19.6 resulted from sexual-orientation bias, 19 percent were motivated by religious bias, 11.5 percent stemmed from ethnicity/national origin bias, and 1.6 percent were prompted by disability bias.
- There were 3,968 hate crime offenses that were classified as crimes against persons and 2,547 hate crime offenses that were classified as crimes against property in 2012.
Following are highlights from the Bureau of Justice Statistics’ (BJS) February 2014 report, Hate Crime Victimization, 2004-2012 - Statistical Tables, which reviewed findings from the BJS National Crime Victimization Survey:
- An estimated 293,800 violent and property hate crime victimizations occurred in 2012 against persons age 12 or older residing in U.S. households.
- Victims perceived that over half (51%) of hate crimes were motivated by ethnicity bias in 2012, which was higher than the percentage in 2011 (30%) and 2004 (22%).
- The percentage of hate crimes motivated by religious bias nearly tripled from 10% in 2004 to 28% in 2012, while the percentage of hate crimes motivated by gender bias more than doubled from 12% to 26% during the same period.
- An estimated 60% of hate crime victimizations were not reported to police in 2012. This was a slight decline from 2011, when about three-quarters (74%) of hate crime victimizations were not reported to police.
- The percentage of hate crimes involving violence increased from 78% in 2004 to 90% in 2011 and 2012.
- The rate of violent hate crime against Hispanics more than tripled from 0.6 per 1,000 persons age 12 or older in 2011 to 2.0 per 1,000 in 2012.
- In 2012, the offender had a weapon in at least 24% of violent hate crime victimizations, and the victim sustained an injury in 20% of violent hate crime victimizations.