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IN THE SPOTLIGHT

Women and Girls in the Justice System

This section provides the latest information and statistics.

The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), through the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program, collects crime and arrest data from more than 18,000 city, county, and state law enforcement agencies. According to Crime in the United States, 2012 (released in November 2013), during 2012:

  • Nationwide, law enforcement made an estimated 12,196,959 arrests (does not include citations for traffic violations).
  • 26.2% of arrests were of females.

According to the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention's (OJJDP's) Juvenile Court Statistics 2010 (released in June 2013):

  • Courts with juvenile jurisdiction handled an estimated 1,368,200 delinquency cases in 2010.
  • Females accounted for 28% of the delinquency caseload in 2010.
  • Overall, the female delinquency caseload grew at an average rate of 2% per year between 1985 and 2010, while the average rate increase was less than 1% per year for males.

According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) resource, Jail Inmates at Midyear 2013 – Statistical Tables, which features data collected from the Annual Survey of Jails, The female inmate population increased 10.9% between midyear 2010 and 2013. During the same timeframe, the male inmate population declined 4.2%.

According to OJJDP’s 2011 Survey of Youth in Residential Placement, 14% of all youth in residential placement were female. (Juveniles in Residential Placement, 2011, August 2014).

The Bureau of Justice Statistics' Annual Probation Survey and Annual Parole Survey provide counts for the total number of persons supervised in the community on January 1 and December 31, and counts of the number entering and leaving supervision during the year in all 50 States, the District of Columbia, and the federal system. As provided in Probation and Parole in the United States, 2012 (December 2013):

  • Approximately 24% of the adults on probation in 2012 were female
  • Approximately 11% of the adults on parole in 2012 were female
  • Nearly 19% of the federal offenders under supervision in 2010 were female