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Women and Girls in the Justice System - Publications

The following publications are a sample of available resources.

Corrections

Jail Inmates at Midyear
Bureau of Justice Statistics, Annual

Prison and Jail Inmates at Midyear
Bureau of Justice Statistics, Annual

Prisoners
Bureau of Justice Statistics, Annual

Probation and Parole Populations
Bureau of Justice Statistics, Annual

Incarcerated Women, Their Children, and the Nexus with Foster Care
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, April 2011

Sexual Victimization Reported by Adult Correctional Authorities, 2007-2008
Bureau of Justice Statistics, January 2011

From Prison to Home: Women's Pathways In and Out of Crime
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, 2009

Gendered Violence and Safety: A Contextual Approach to Improving Security in Women's Facilities
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, November 2008

Parents in Prison and Their Minor Children
Bureau of Justice Statistics, August 2008

Sexual Victimization in Local Jails Reported by Inmates, 2007
Bureau of Justice Statistics,  June 2008

Translating Research Into Practice: Improving Safety in Women’s Facilities
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, November 2008

Violence and Safety Programs in Women's Prisons and Jails: Addressing Prevention, Intervention and Treatment 
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, November 2008

Sexual Victimization in State and Federal Prisons Reported by Inmates, 2007
Bureau of Justice Statistics, December 2007

Developing and Validating a Brief Jail Mental Health Screen for Women
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, September 2007

Supervision of Women Defendants and Offenders in the Community
National Institute of Corrections, October 2005

Reentry Programs for Women Inmates
National Institute of Justice, July 2005

The Gender-Responsive Strategies Project: Jail Applications
National Institute of Corrections, April 2005

Pathways to Prison: Impact of Victimization in the Lives of Incarcerated Women
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, September 2004

Prevalence of Imprisonment in the U.S. Population, 1974-2001
Bureau of Justice Statistics, August 2003

Staffing Analysis for Women's Prisons and Special Prison Populations
National Institute of Corrections, December 2002

Validation and Refinement of Objective Prison Classification Systems for Women: The Experience of Four States and Common Themes
National Institute of Corrections, December 2001

Women Offenders and their Children
Federal Judicial Center, September 2001

Classification of Women Offenders: A National Assessment of Current Practices
National Institute of Corrections, August 2001

Baseline Psychopathology in a Women's Prison: Its Impact on Institutional Adjustment and Risk for Violence
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, July 2001

Inventory of Mother-Child Programs
National Institute of Corrections, January 2001

Classification of Women Offenders: A National Assessment of Current Practices and the Experiences of Three States
National Institute of Corrections, 2001

Incarcerated Parents and Their Children
Bureau of Justice Statistics, August 2000

Health Issues Specific to Incarcerated Women: Information for State Maternal and Child Health Programs
Department of Health and Human Services, May 2000

Sentencing Women Offenders: A Training Curriculum for Judges
National Institute of Corrections, October 2000

Collaborative Intermediate Evaluation of the Pine Lodge Pre-Release Therapeutic Community for Women Offenders in Washington State
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, December 1999

Women Offenders
Bureau of Justice Statistics, December 1999

Women in Prison: Sexual Misconduct by Correctional Staff
General Accounting Office, June 1999

Women's Prison Association: Supporting Women Offenders and Their Families
National Institute of Justice, December 1998

Current Issues in the Operation of Women's Prisons
National Institute Corrections, September 1998

Women Offenders: Programming Needs and Promising Approaches
National Institute of Justice, August 1998

Women in Jail: Classification Issues
National Institute of Corrections, March 1997

Women in Jail: Facility Planning Issues
National Institute of Corrections, March 1997

Women in Jail: Legal Issues
National Institute of Corrections, December 1996

Keeping Incarcerated Mothers and Their Daughters Together: Girl Scouts Beyond Bars
National Institute of Justice, October 1995

Women in Prison
Bureau of Justice Statistics, March 1994

Classification of Women Offenders in State Correctional Facilities: A Handbook for Practitioners
National Institute of Corrections, March 1991

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Female Juvenile Offender

Developmental Sequences of Girls' Delinquent Behavior
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, December 2013

Juvenile Court Statistics 2010
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention-Sponsored, June 2013

Juveniles in Residential Placement, 2010
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, June 2013

PTSD, Trauma, and Comorbid Psychiatric Disorders in Detained Youth
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, June 2013

Northwestern Juvenile Project: An Overview
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, February 2013

Delinquency Cases in Juvenile Court, 2009
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, October 2012

Delinquency Cases Waived to Criminal Court, 2009
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, October 2012

Juvenile Delinquency Probation Caseload, 2009
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, October 2012

Juvenile Arrests, 2009
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, December 2011

Person Offenses in Juvenile Court, 2008
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, December 2011

Suitability of Assessment Instruments for Delinquent Girls
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, April 2010

Causes and Correlates of Girls' Delinquency
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, April 2010

Girls' Delinquency
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, February 2010

Poly-Victimization Among Girls in the Juvenile Justice System: Manifestations & Associations to Delinquency
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, October 2009

Developmental Sequences of Girls Delinquent Behavior
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention-Sponsored, August 2009

Resilient Girls—Factors that Protect Against Delinquency
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, January 2009

Girls Study Group—Charting the Way to Delinquency Prevention for Girls
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, October 2008

Violence by Teenage Girls: Trends and Context
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, May 2008

Juvenile Offenders and Victims: 2006 National Report
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, March 2006

Female Youths and Delinquent Behaviors
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, November 2004

Assessing the Mental Health Status of Youth in Juvenile Justice Settings
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, August 2004

Juveniles in Corrections
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, June 2004

Prostitution of Juveniles: Patterns From NIBRS
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, June 2004

Trauma among Girls in the Juvenile Justice System
National Child Traumatic Stress Network, 2004

Juveniles in Court
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, June 2003

Data From the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): A Prospective Study of Serious Delinquency in Adolescent Girls
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, April 2002

Profiling the Needs of Young Female Offenders: Instrument Development and Pilot Study-Final Report
National Institute of Justice, April 2000

Juvenile Justice Journal, Volume 6, Number 1 Investing in Girls: A 21stCentury Strategy
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, October 1999

National Girls' Caucus
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, October 1999

Adolescent Girls: The Role of Depression in the Development of Delinquency
National Institute of Justice, July 1999

Juvenile Female Crime: A Special Study
Federal Bureau of Investigation, November 1998

Guiding Principles for Promising Female Programming: An Inventory of Best Practices
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, October 1998

Juvenile Female Offenders: A Status of the States Report
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, October 1998

What About Girls?
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, September 1998

Profiling the Needs of Young Female Offenders: A Protocol and Pilot Study
National Institute of Justice, December 1997

Improving Policy and Practice for Adolescent Girls with Co-Occurring Disorders in the Juvenile Justice System
National GAINS Center, June 1998

Female Offenders in the Juvenile Justice System
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, June 1996

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Recidivism

From Prison to Home: Women's Pathways In and Out of Crime
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, 2009

Recidivism Among Female Prisoners: Secondary Analysis of the 1994 BJS Recidivism Data Set
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, October 2006

Recidivism of Prisoners Released in 1994
Bureau of Justice Statistics, June 2002

Confronting Relapse and Recidivism: Case Management and Aftercare Services in the OPTS Program
National Institute of Justice, May 1999

SafeFutures: Partnerships To Reduce Youth Violence and Delinquency
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, December 1996

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Research on Female Offenders

Women's Pathways to Jail: Examining Mental Health, Trauma, and Substance Use
Bureau of Justice Assistance, March 2013

Women's Pathways to Jail: The Roles & Intersections of Serious Mental Illness & Trauma
Bureau of Justice Assistance-Sponsored, September 2012

Principles of Drug Abuse Treatment for Criminal Justice Populations: A Research-Based Guide
National Institute on Drug Abuse, January 2012

Women in America Indicators of Social and Economic Well-Being
White House Council on Women and Girls, March 2011

Causes and Correlates of Girls' Delinquency
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, April 2010

Violence and Safety Programs in Women's Prisons and Jails: Addressing Prevention, Intervention and Treatment
National Institute of Justice, November 2008

Female Sex Offenders
Center for Sex Offender Management, March 2007

Mental Health Problems of Prison and Jail Inmates
Bureau of Justice Statistics, September 2006

People, Places, and Things: The Social Process of Reentry for Female Ex-Offenders
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, August 2006

Understanding the Female Offender
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, June 2006

Gender Differences in Drug Market Activities: A Comparative Assessment of Men and Women's Participation in the Drug Market
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, September 2005

A Summary of Research, Practice, and Guiding Principles for Women Offenders
National Institute of Corrections, May 2005

Developing Gender-Specific Classification Systems for Women Offenders
National Institute of Corrections, February 2004

Technical Report for "An Empirical Examination of a Theory of Women's Use of Violence in Intimate Relationships"
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, 2004

Gender-Responsive Strategies: Research, Practice, and Guiding Principles for Women Offenders
National Institute of Corrections, October 2002

Leaving Jail: Service Linkage & Community Re-entry for Mothers with Co-occurring Disorders
The National GAINS Center, September 2002

Program Evaluation of the Pine Lodge Pre-Release Residential Therapeutic Community for Women Offenders in Washington State, Final Report
National Institute of Justice, November 2001

Classification of Women Offenders: A National Assessment of Current Practices
National Institute of Corrections, August 2001

Female Gangs: A Focus on Research
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, March 2001

Female Delinquency Cases, 1997
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, November 2000

Research on Women Girls in the Justice System
National Institute of Justice, September 2000

Female Gang Involvement in a Midwestern City: Correlates, Nature and Meanings
National Institute of Justice, December 1996

Female Offenders in the Community: An Analysis of Innovative Strategies and Programs
National Institute of Corrections, September 1992

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Substance Abuse

National Survey on Drug Use and Health
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Annual

Women's Pathways to Jail: Examining Mental Health, Trauma, and Substance Use
Bureau of Justice Assistance, March 2013

Monitoring the Future National Results on Adolescent Drug Use: Overview of Key Findings, 2012
National Institute on Drug Abuse, February 2013

Underage Drinking: Practice Guidelines for Community Corrections
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, October 2012

Principles of Drug Abuse Treatment for Criminal Justice Populations: A Research-Based Guide
National Institute on Drug Abuse, January 2012

Race/Ethnicity of Female Substance Abuse Treatment Admissions Aged 25 to 34
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, July 2009

Drug Use and Dependence, State and Federal Prisoners, 2004
Bureau of Justice Statistics, October 2006

Mental Health Problems of Prison and Jail Inmates
Bureau of Justice Statistics, September 2006

The DASIS Report: Facilities Offering Special Programs or Groups for Women - 2005
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2006

Drug Treatment and Reentry for Incarcerated Women
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, December 2005

Women in Substance Abuse Treatment: Results from the Alcohol and Drug Services Study (ADSS)
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, September 2005

Substance Abuse Treatment Outcomes: A Multi-Site Study of Male and Female Prison Programs
Federal Bureau of Prisons, 2005

Female Youths and Delinquent Behaviors
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, November 2004

Gender Differences in Substance Dependence and Abuse
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, October 2004

Women with Co-Occurring Serious Mental Illness and a Substance Use Disorder
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Service Administration, August 2004

Detection and Prevalence of Substance Use Among Juvenile Detainees
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, June 2004

Drug and Alcohol Use and Related Matters Among Arrestees, 2003
National Institute of Justice, 2004

The DASIS Report: Dually Diagnosed Female Substance Abuse Treatment Admissions: 1999
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, October 2002

Diversion Programming: Integrating Treatment with Criminal Justice Sanctions for Women with Co-occurring Disorders
National GAINS Center for People with Co-Occurring Disorders in the Justice System, September 2002

Strengthening America's Families: Programs That Work for Justice-Involved Women with Co-occurring Disorders
National GAINS Center for People with Co-Occurring Disorders in the Justice System, September 2002

The DASIS Report: Pregnant Women in Substance Abuse Treatment
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, May 2002

Treatment of Incarcerated Women with Substance Abuse and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Final Report
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, 2002

Women, Injection Drug Use, And The Criminal Justice System
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, August 2001

Drug Use, Testing, and Treatment in Jails
Bureau of Justice Statistics, May 2000

Gender Differences Among Prisoners in Drug Treatment
Federal Bureau of Prisons, 2000

Substance Abuse and Treatment of State and Federal Prisoners, 1997
Bureau of Justice Statistics, January 1999

Addressing the Needs of Women in Mental Illness/Substance Use Disorder Jail Diversion Programs
National GAINS Center for People with Co-Occurring Disorders in the Justice System, 1999

Specific Needs of Women Diagnosed with Mental Illnesses in U.S. Jails
National GAINS Center for People with Co-Occurring Disorders in the Justice System, February 1997

Profiles of Correctional Substance Abuse Treatment Programs Women and Youthful Violent Offenders
National Institute of Corrections, January 1994

Pregnant, Substance-Using Women Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 2
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 1993

Addressing Specific Needs of Women with Co-Occurring Disorders in the Justice System
National GAINS Center for People with Co-Occurring Disorders in the Justice System, No Publication Date Available

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NCJRS Abstracts Database

The National Criminal Justice Reference Service Abstracts Database contains summaries of more than 220,000 criminal justice publications, including Federal, State, and local government reports, books, research reports, journal articles, and unpublished research.

Users of the database may conduct a search using their own key words and link to full text where available. As of December 2013, there were more than 2000 abstracts available using the term(s) "females in the criminal justice system."

Links from the NCJRS Web site to non-Federal sites do not constitute an endorsement by NCJRS or its sponsors. NCJRS is not responsible for the content or privacy policy of any off-site pages that are referenced, nor does NCJRS guarantee the accuracy, completeness, timeliness, or correct sequencing of information. NCJRS is also not responsible for the use of, or results obtained from the use of, the information. It is the responsibility of the user to evaluate the content and usefulness of information obtained from non-Federal sites.